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You are here: Home / Small Business and Local Government Assistance / Waste Compliance Resources / Waste Determination Matrix / Waste Designation Decision Matrix - Toxic Wastes

Waste Designation Decision Matrix - Toxic Wastes

This is the waste designation decision matrix provided by the Small Business and Local Government Assistance Program to aid businesses in deciding how certain wastes must be handled.

This matrix is provided as a tool. It cannot be used as a substitute for following applicable city, state, and federal laws.

 

Does your waste contain toxic constituents? Review the list below.

To answer yes to the question, click here. To answer no to the question, click here.

Toxic Wastes

Based on a health-risk analysis, the EPA developed regulatory levels for the maximum concentration of 40 substances (constituents). Any material that contains one or more of these constituents, at or above the regulatory level, is considered a characteristic (toxicity) hazardous waste with associated waste codes D004-D043. If your waste has any of the constituents listed below, you must determine the level they contain so you can determine if your waste is considered toxic.

To determine this, you can use process knowledge and/or testing using the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP). For example, you could use process knowledge to rule out any of the 40 chemicals you know are not in the product or process that generated the waste. Then, you could use the TCLP on the unknown chemicals in the process. If the waste leaches at or above one of the regulatory levels, the waste is hazardous because of the toxicity characteristic.

View a printer-friendly list of substances and their TCLP regulatory levels (PDF). Help with PDF.

Click on the image to enlarge.

TCLP Table