Priority Groundwater Management Areas
Upton and Midland County - The Executive Director's Preliminary Report Soliciting Stakeholder Comments for the Reagan, Upton, and Midland County Priority Groundwater Management Area – Northeastern Upton and Southeastern Midland Counties is now available for public comment. The Notice of Report Availability was mailed to stakeholders on January 24, 2013. The comment period ends June 30, 2013.
Briscoe County - The Executive Director's Report for Briscoe, Hale and Swisher County Priority Groundwater Management Area – Western Briscoe County is now available for review and comment. The Notice of Report Availability was mailed to stakeholders on January 9, 2013. The comment period ends June 30, 2013.
Hill Country Priority Groundwater Management Area Hearing Status - The Executive Director petitioned the Commission with recommendations that northwestern Travis County should be added to the Barton Springs/Edwards Aquifer Conservation District and western Comal County should be added to the Trinity Glen Rose Groundwater Conservation District (TCEQ Docket No. 2010-1040-MIS). The petition was referred to the State Office of Administrative Hearings (SOAH) to conduct a contested case hearing on the matter. The hearing (SOAH Docket No. 582-10-5643) has been abated until July 1, 2013. The Executive Director will file a status report with SOAH before July 1, 2013 to (1) propose a date for the hearing on merits and a schedule to resume the proceeding, (2) request the abatement of hearing be extended, or (3) withdraw the recommendations. The following information may be helpful:
- The Executive Director's report;
- A map generally outlining the boundaries of the recommended districts; and,
- The mailing list of stakeholders located either in whole or in part in the identified areas.
You may locate additional information using the TCEQ and SOAH Docket Numbers on the Commissioners' Integrated Database.
To enable effective management of the state's groundwater resources in areas where critical groundwater problems exist or may exist in the future, the Legislature has authorized TCEQ, the Texas Water Development Board (TWDB) , and the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD) to study, identify, and delineate PGMAs and initiate the creation of GCDs within those areas, if necessary.
- Map of Priority Groundwater Management Areas (PGMAs) (April 2011, pdf)
- Map of Areas Evaluated in the PGMA Program (April 2011, pdf)
- Summary Description of PGMAs (December 2012, pdf)
- What Is a PGMA ?
- Legislative Report
- Studies, Study Areas, and Designated PGMAs
- PGMA Reports (Since 2004)
- GCDs Created in Designated PGMAs
What Is a PGMA ?
A Priority Groundwater Management Area (PGMA) is an area designated and delinated by TCEQ that is experiencing, or is expected to experience, within 50 years, critical groundwater problems including shortages of surface water or groundwater, land subsidence resulting from groundwater withdrawal, and contamination of groundwater supplies.
Since the ultimate purpose of designating a PGMA is to ensure the management of groundwater in areas of the state with critical groundwater problems, a PGMA evaluation will consider the need for creating groundwater conservation districts and different options for doing so. Such districts are authorized to adopt policies, plans, and rules that can address critical groundwater problems.
If a study area is designated as a PGMA, TCEQ will make a specific recommendation on groundwater conservation district creation. State law authorizes the citizens in the PGMA two years to establish a Groundwater Conservation District (GCD). However, if local action is not taken in this time frame, TCEQ is required to establish a GCD that is consistent with the original recommendation. Under either scenario, the resultant groundwater conservation district would be governed by a locally elected board of directors.
For more information about PGMAs, see Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service publication B-6191, Priority Groundwater Management Areas: Overview and Frequently Asked Questions.
The PGMA process provided in Chapter 35 of the Texas Water Code is implemented by TCEQ rules that outline procedures for the designation of PGMAs and address issues related to the creation of GCDs in areas which have been designated as PGMAs. These TCEQ rules are contained in Title 30, Texas Administrative Code (TAC), §293.19 and §§294.41–294.44. The rules were amended in August 2012 to implement statutory changes made by the 82nd Legislature, 2011.
Priority Groundwater Management Areas and Groundwater Conservation Districts, Report to the 83rd Texas Legislature: Published in January 2013, this report provides information to the legislative leadership on activities undertaken during the preceding two years relating to the study and designation of PGMAs and the creation and operation of GCDs. This report has been prepared by TCEQ and TWDB, with assistance from TPWD, the State Auditor's Office (SAO), and TAES. The report fulfills the requirements of Texas Water Code (TWC), Section 35.018.
Studies, Study Areas, and Designated PGMAs
As of July 2009, 18 PGMA studies and five PGMA update studies have been completed. Eight study areas were determined to have, or were expected to have, critical groundwater problems and were designated as PGMAs:
- Bandera, Blanco, Gillespie, Kendall, Kerr, Comal, Hays, and Travis Counties and parts of Bexar County — the Hill Country PGMA (considered two study areas);
- Parts of Reagan, Upton and Midland Counties — the Reagan, Upton, and Midland Counties PGMA;
- Swisher and parts of Briscoe and Hale Counties — the Briscoe, Hale, and Swisher Counties PGMA;
- Parts of Dallam County — the Dallam County PGMA;
- Parts of El Paso County — the El Paso County PGMA;
- Northern Bexar County — the Northern Bexar County PGMA;
- Bosque, Coryell, Hill, McLennan, and Somervell Counties — the Central Texas – Trinity Aquifer – PGMA; and,
- Collin, Cooke, Dallas, Denton, Ellis, Fannin, Grayson, Hood, Johnson, Montague, Parker, Tarrant, and Wise Counties — the North-Central Texas – Trinity and Woodbine Aquifers – PGMA.
Ten study areas were determined not to be PGMAs:
- Lower Rio Grande Valley Area;
- Fort Bend County Area;
- Orange-Jefferson Counties Area;
- Wintergarden Area;
- Southernmost High Plains Area;
- North Texas Alluvium and Paleozoic Outcrop Area;
- Hudspeth County Area;
- Williamson and Parts of Adjacent Areas;
- East Texas Area; and,
- Trans-Pecos Area.
PGMA Reports (Since 2004)
Each of these reports is available in PDF format. (Help with PDF.)
- East Texas Priority Groundwater Management Study Area: Updated Evaluation, June 2004.
- Trans-Pecos Priority Groundwater Management Study Area: Updated Evaluation, March 2005.
- Hudspeth County Priority Groundwater Management Study Area:March 2005.
- Part 1: Table of Contents, Executive Summary, and Introduction (cover–page 8)
- Part 2: Geology, Physiography, and Groundwater Resources (pages 9–20)
- Part 3: Natural Resources; State-Owned Lands; Water Use, Demand, Supply, and Availability; Stakeholder Participation; Area Water Concerns and Identified Management Strategies; Existing Water Planning, Regulatory, and Management Entities; Administrative Feasibility of Groundwater Management; Summary; Conclusions and Recommendations; and References (pages 21–77)
- Williamson, Burnet, and Northern Travis Counties Priority Groundwater Management Study Area: Updated Evaluation, November 2005.
- North-Central Texas - Trinity and Woodbine Aquifers - Priority Groundwater Management Study Area: Updated Evaluation, June 2007. The report recommends that Collin, Cooke, Dallas, Denton, Ellis, Fannin, Grayson, Hood, Johnson, Montague, Parker, Tarrant, and Wise counties be designated as the Northern Trinity and Woodbine Aquifers Priority Groundwater Management Area (PGMA) and that a regional, fee-funded Groundwater Conservation District (GCD) should be created. After contested case and public hearings, the Commission designated Collin, Cooke, Dallas, Denton, Ellis, Fannin, Grayson, Hood, Johnson, Montague, Parker, Tarrant, and Wise counties as the Northern Trinity and Woodbine Aquifers PGMA on February 18, 2009. The Commission Order recommended a single, multi-county GCD over Collin, Cooke, Dallas, Denton, Ellis, Fannin, Grayson, and Johnson counties.
- Central Texas - Trinity Aquifer - Priority Groundwater Management Study Area: Updated Evaluation, December 2007. The Commission Order recommended that a regional, combination-tax-based and fee-funded GCD is the most feasible, economic, and practicable option for conservation, protection, and management of the groundwater resources in the area. An alternative recommendation was also provided that recognizes:
- Multi-GCDs in the PGMA would be practicable and feasible;
- Two created, but unconfirmed, GCDs (McLennan County GCD and Tablerock GCD in Coryell County) were present in the PGMA; and,
- These two GCDs are required by their enabling Acts to add an adjacent county by September 2011 or be dissolved by the TCEQ.
- Dallam County Priority Groundwater Management Area: December 2008. The report and petition recommended that identified areas of the Dallam County PGMA be added to an existing GCD. On February 17, 2010, the Commission issued an Order recommending that all of the three areas that were not included in a GCD in the Dallam County PGMA be added to the North Plains GCD. In March 2012, the 2012 Addendum recommended that identified areas of the Dallam County PGMA be added to an existing GCD. On August 7, 2012, the Commission issued an Order adding the Dallam County PGMA areas to the North Plains GCD.
GCDs Created in Designated PGMAs
Locally-initiated GCD (or "district") creation, or addition of territory to an existing district, has occurred in six of the designated PGMAs. Areas remain in four PGMAs that have not yet established a GCD. Successful district creation has not occurred in the designated parts of Briscoe, Comal, Dallas, Midland, Travis, and Upton counties.
Map of GCD Creation Status in the Designated PGMAs (November 2012, pdf)