Skip to content. | Skip to navigation

Personal tools

Navigation

Questions or Comments:
superfnd@tceq.texas.gov
You are here: Home / Remediation / Superfund / State / First Quality Cylinders

First Quality Cylinders

This former aircraft cylinder rebuilder in San Antonio, Bexar County is being addressed under the State Superfund Program.

Site Background

The First Quality Cylinders state Superfund site is located on approximately 1.3 acres in northwest-central San Antonio at 931 West Laurel Street. Activities at the site from 1986 until the site was abandoned in January of 1994 included the rebuilding of aircraft cylinders utilizing a chromium plating process. The site consists of a warehouse on the western portion, where the chromium plating process was conducted. The remaining area has been paved with asphalt and fenced, and contains a shallow groundwater recovery system with a French drain, three recovery wells and a pump system with a 6,000 gallon above-ground storage tank. In April 1988, the first indication of leaking chromium plating solution was noted by workers who were renovating a plating line. In June, 1988, during excavation to repair an external sewer line, a leak of about 200 gallons per week was found. The company installed a French drain and a collection system which collected about 200 gallons per week of solution. In September 1989, the liquid began to display a yellowish hue, which analysis identified as chromium plating solution. In January 1992 and March 1993, onsite spills had resulted in citations for unauthorized discharge of chromium wastewaters to the public streets and potentially nearby San Pedro Creek.

Superfund Actions Taken to Date

  • September 10, 1997, a site perimeter fence was constructed to limit unauthorized access and signs were posted warning of contamination.
  • September 14, 1997, TNRCC conducted immediate removal actions to dispose of on-site wastes inside the warehouse and to repair and provide operation and maintenance of the on-site shallow groundwater recovery system and dispose of the collected contaminated groundwater. TNRCC continues to operate the groundwater recovery system and oversees the disposal of the collected contaminated groundwater.
  • August 1999, a hazard ranking system (HRS) document was prepared for the First
    Quality Cylinders site.
  • November 12, 1999, a legal notice was published in the Texas Register, and the San Antonio Express-News, describing the site, proposing the site for listing on the state Superfund registry, and also proposing commercial/industrial land use specifications for remediation of the site contamination. The land use designation may be considered in any remedial action proposed for the site. A public meeting to receive citizen comments was to be held December 16, 1999, at the VIA Metro Center Community Room.
  • December 16, 1999, a public meeting was held to receive comments on the proposal of the site for listing on the Superfund registry and to designate land use of the site as commercial/industrial. The designation may provide guidelines for the remedial investigation and remedial action for the site.
  • February 15, 2000, a community relations plan was prepared for the First Quality Cylinder site.
  • February 25, 2000, a work order was issued to have a scope of work prepared for the remedial investigation of the site.
  • June 22, 2001, it was reported that 10,904 gallons of water polluted with chromium had been recovered with the shallow groundwater recovery system.
  • June 27, 2001, a work order was issued to start the remedial investigation (RI) to determine the nature and extent of contamination.
  • October 1, 2001, the TNRCC consultant completed the field sampling plan for the first phase of the remedial investigation.
  • December 20, 2001, a work order was finalized with the consultant for installation of groundwater recovery wells at the site and offsite disposal of the waste water at a permitted facility.
  • March 14, 2002, TNRCC completed the removal of the facility's exhaust stack.
  • May 15, 2002, TNRCC completed the field work for the first phase of the remedial investigation.
  • June 25, 2002, TNRCC amended the work order with the consultant to perform additional soil, sediment, and groundwater sampling, initiating the second phase of the remedial investigation.
  • July 3, 2002, the second round of groundwater sampling was completed.
  • September 1, 2002, effective date of the name change from Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC) to Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ).
  • September 16, 2002, TCEQ approved the technical memorandum report on the first phase of investigation. TCEQ requested its contractor to produce a work order proposal and cost estimate for performing trenching and other site investigation activities.
  • October 2002, groundwater collection and disposal was ongoing with three tanker truck loads hauled in September. TCEQ's contractor initiated preparation of a work order proposal and cost estimate for operating the groundwater collection and disposal operation for the remainder of fiscal year 2003.
  • July 2003, Collection and disposal continues through fiscal year 2003 as necessary to prevent releases of contaminated groundwater to the environment. TCEQ's contractor conducted additional on-site soil sampling to more clearly define the extent of chromium contamination. Additional groundwater samples were collected to gather more data needed to evaluate potential remedies for the site.
  • August 2003, TCEQ completed a tier 1 ecological risk assessment, which determined that the site met the exclusion criteria, meaning that no further ecological assessments are needed.
  • September 2003, TCEQ issued a work order to the contractor for pre-feasibility study work.
  • November 2003, TCEQ conducted a site tour with the contractor for pre-feasibility study work.
  • January 2004, TCEQ approved the final remedial action investigation report.
  • February 2004, TCEQ issued a work order to the contractor to build security upgrades and increase the capacity of the ground water recovery system
  • April 2004, TCEQ issued a work order amendment for additional groundwater management and repairs to the site security fence that was damaged by vandalism.
  • May 2004, the contractor conducted site security repairs and removed abandoned pumps from the extraction wells.
  • March 2005, groundwater collection and offsite disposal is continuing to prevent release of contaminated groundwater to the environment. TCEQ is evaluating the need for additional remedial investigation work to support pre-feasability activities.
  • August 2005, TCEQ reviewed and approved the pre-feasibility study memorandum which identified potential remedy technologies and additional feasibility study sampling to gather data to support technology-specific feasibility evaluations.
  • September 2005, the groundwater collection and offsite disposal system has effectively prevented release of contaminated groundwater to the environment.
  • March 2006, the groundwater collection and offsite disposal system has effectively prevented release of contaminated groundwater to the environment.
  • April 2006, TCEQ worked with the Texas Department of State Health Services to investigate a health complaint from a nearby resident. Additional soil sampling was performed at the citizen's property and at a nearby construction site.
  • April 24, 2006, TCEQ conducted on-site soil sampling, sampled offsite monitor wells and conducted a geophysical investigation as part of pre-feasibility study field activities for the First Quality Cylinders site.
  • May 16, a work order was issued for performing off-site surface soil sampling as part of the pre-feasibility study field activities.
  • May 22, 2006, a work order was approved authorizing analysis of 11 samples collected during the off-site sampling event.
  • May 16, 2006, soil and groundwater sampling of off-site properties was completed.
  • February 6, 2007, groundwater was sampled.
  • March 30, 2007, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of contaminated groundwater.
  • April 11, 2007, groundwater was sampled.
  • April 26, 2007, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of contaminated groundwater.
  • July 2007, TCEQ conducted several groundwater extraction and removal events due to heavy rainfall at the site.
  • September 2007, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of contaminated groundwater.
  • September 9, 2007 the TCEQ approved the groundwater monitoring reports associated with the April and February 2007 sampling events.
  • October 1, 2007 TCEQ approved the alternative development and technical screening memorandum.
  • October 17, 2007 the TCEQ approved the July 2007 groundwater monitoring report.
  • September 2008, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • October 2008, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • November 2008, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • December 2008, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • January 2009, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • January 12, 2009 through January 16, 2009 Field work to support the treatability study was conducted.
  • February 2009, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • March 2009, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • April 2009, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • May 2009, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • June 2009, continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • July 2009, continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • August 2009, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • September 2009, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • October 2009, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • November 2009, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • December 2009, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater. The excessive rainfall in San Antonio has necessitated more than expected extraction events.
  • December 18, 2009, The Feasibility Study Report for the site was approved by the TCEQ.
  • January 2010, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • February 2010, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • March 2010, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • April 2010, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • May 2010, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • June 2010, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • July 2010, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • August 2010, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • September 2010, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • October 2010, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • October 2010, Quarterly groundwater monitoring program started to evaluate the impact of the Removal Action on the groundwater. First sampling and analysis of the monitor wells conducted in October.
  • November 2010, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • December 2010, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • January 2011, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • February 2011, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • March 2011, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • April 2011, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • May 2011, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • June 2011, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • July 2011, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • August 2011, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • September 2011, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • October 14, 2011, A legal notice  was published  in the Texas Register, (36 TexReg 7006) of the intent to perform a removal action at the First Quality Cylinders State Superfund site. The removal action will consist of the removal and disposal of the process building, excavation and disposal of the trench inside the process building and surrounding soil contaminated with chromium.
  • October 2011, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • November 2011, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • December 2011, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • January 2012, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • February 2012, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • March 2012, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • April 2012, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • May 2012, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • June 18, 2012, the TCEQ began a removal action at the site consisting of demolition of the Process building, excavation of the trench and surrounding contaminated soil, with off-site disposal in a permitted landfill. The excavated area will then be backfilled with clean soil.
  • August 2012, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • September 2012, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • October 2012, Removal action was completed. TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • November 2012, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • December 2012, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • January 2013, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • February 2013, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • March 2013, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • April 2013, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • May 2013, TCEQ continues to conduct groundwater collection and offsite disposal to prevent offsite migration of the contaminated groundwater.
  • January 2014, the TCEQ approved the amended groundwater feasibility study.
  • March 2014, the TCEQ's contractor completed a pilot study for in-situ chemical treatment of groundwater.
  • May 2014, a Proposed Remedial Action Document (PRAD) was prepared for the First Quality Cylinders site.
  • May 9, 2014, legal notices were published in the Texas Register (39 TeReg 3762) and the San Antonio Express News newspaper announcing a public meeting to be held on Thursday, June 12, 2014 at 7:00 p.m., in the VIA Metropolitan Transit, Administrative Board Room, 800 West Myrtle, San Antonio, Texas.  The main purpose of the meeting is to obtain public input and information concerning the proposed remedy for the site.

Back to Top

Site Specific Information

EPA ID : TXD982557217
Location : San Antonio, Bexar County
Site Status : Cleanup Under Way
Type of Facility : Aircraft Cylinder Rebuilder
Category : Proposed to Registry
Media Affected : Soil, Groundwater
Latitude : 29º26'33"N
Longitude : -98º30'18"W
Hazard Ranking Score (HRS) : 50.0
Contaminants at time of HRS : Chromium, Plating Waste
TCEQ Region : San Antonio - 13
Funded by : Hazardous & Solid Waste Remediation Fee Account

Contact Information

Superfund Project Manager
Subhash Pal
512-239-4513 or 1-800-633-9363
E-mail: superfnd@tceq.texas.gov

Superfund Community Relations Liaison
John Flores
512-239-5674 or 1-800-633-9363
E-mail: superfnd@tceq.texas.gov

Records Repositories

San Antonio Public Library
600 Soledad.
San Antonio  TX  78205
210/207-2500

TCEQ Central File Room
12100 Park 35 Circle Building E,
First Floor Room 103
Austin, TX 78753
512-239-2900
512-239-1850 (fax)
cfrreq@tceq.texas.gov