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Hall Street

This waste disposal/landfill and open field dumping site in Dickinson, Galveston County is being addressed under the State Superfund Program.

Site Background

The Hall Street site (the site) is located in a rural neighborhood north of the Dickinson city limits, and north of the intersection of 20th Street East (formerly Hall Street) with California Street. In the early 1960s, the site was used for the unpermitted disposal of wastes characteristic to chemical manufacturers.Waste materials were disposed of in shallow pits or on the ground. Drums containing wastes were buried in shallow ditches and later covered with soil. Tars and sludges sometimes caught fire.

Superfund Actions Taken to Date

  • July 25, 1986, a legal notice was published in the Texas Register (11 TexReg 3421-3422) announcing a series of public meetings across the state to collect information and receive comments on constituting the initial state Superfund registry and announcing a hearing would be held at the Houston-Galveston Area Council of Governments on August 21, 1986, and a second hearing would be held at the Stephen F. Austin Building in Austin on August 28, 1986.
  • January 16, 1987, Hall Street became 1 of 10 sites on the first Texas Superfund registry (12 TexReg 205).
  • November 25, 1988, the Texas Water Commission published a legal notice in the Texas Register (13 TexReg 5939) inviting independent third parties to participate voluntarily in remedial action at the site. Third parties could then seek cost recovery under the Solid Waste Disposal Act , Article 4477-7, §11(b) from those liable parties not participating in the voluntary cleanup. The state disclaimed any liability for reimbursement of the costs of the work.
  • February 24, 1989, the Texas Water Commission published a legal notice in the Texas Register (14 TexReg 1010) for consultant services to perform remedial investigation/feasibility studies at the Hall Street site.
  • November 1, 1992, remedial investigation/feasibility study under way.
  • May 12, 1993, a site perimeter fence was constructed to limit unauthorized access, and signs were posted warning of contamination.
  • September 1, 1993, effective date of the creation of the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission from the joining of the Texas Water Commission and the Texas Air Control Board and a portion of the Texas Department of Health.
  • January 28, 1994, the Phase I remedial investigation was completed and approved.
  • January 29, 1994, remedial investigation Phase II under way.
  • January 15, 1996, the Phase II remedial investigation was completed and approved.
  • April 30, 1996, baseline risk assessment under way.
  • November 1, 1996, baseline risk assessment completed and approved.
  • June 3, 1999, an additional groundwater study under way.
  • March 10, 2000, TNRCC approved the plans for the field sampling, quality assurance and health and safety.
  • September 25, 2000, TNRCC approved the groundwater study report.
  • November 21, 2000, drums of contaminated groundwater generated during the supplemental groundwater study were removed and disposed of off-site.
  • March 23, 2001, a legal notice was published in the Texas Register (26 TexReg 2436) proposing nonresidential land use specifications for the Hall Street site. Land use determination may be considered in any remedial investigation and remedial action proposed for the site. A public meeting to receive citizen comments was to be held at Dickinson City Hall on April 26, 2001.
  • April 26, 2001, a public meeting was held at Dickinson City Hall to receive citizen comments on the proposal to use nonresidential specifications in any remedial investigation and remedial action at the site.
  • May 25, 2001, site cleared of brush and empty drums were removed.
  • June 20, 2001, TNRCC approved the sampling and analysis plan for off-site well installation and groundwater monitoring.
  • August 2, 2001, TNRCC's radioactive waste section conducted radioactive waste survey on the site. No radiation was detected.
  • November 15, 2001, TNRCC issued a work order for offsite monitor well installations and sampling.
  • November 20, 2001, TNRCC sent a newsletter to approximately 30 local residents to inform them of the activities at the site.
  • January 15, 2002, an updated copy of the community relations plan was prepared for the Hall Street site.
  • March 21, 2002, TNRCC issued a work order for trench delineation and additional soil sampling
  • April 18, 2002, TNRCC's contractor completed the field work for additional delineation of waste trenches.
  • May 23, 2002, TNRCC approved the final technical memorandum for off-site groundwater investigation and waste trench sampling. The results indicated contamination in the groundwater is within the site boundaries and additional groundwater sampling and soil delineation is needed.
  • August 2002, TNRCC's contractor resampled the monitoring wells. TNRCC requested the contractor to begin development of a presumptive remedy for the site and identify any additional data needs.
  • September 1, 2002, effective date of the name change from Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC) to Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ).
  • September 2002, TCEQ received a pre–presumptive remedy memorandum from the contractor, which identified data needs. TCEQ requested the contractor to calculate protective concentration levels and contaminated soil volumes for the presumptive remedy determination.
  • March 8, 2003, the site was mowed and groundwater samples were collected from the monitor wells.
  • May 8, 2003, additional soil samples were taken to confirm the extent of the contaminated soil.
  • March 2004, a work order was issued to the contractor covering April groundwater monitoring events.
  • April 2004, TCEQ's contractor mowed the site to permit access to monitor wells. Groundwater was sampled.
  • June 2004, an updated community relations plan was prepared for the Hall Street site.
  • July 2004, TCEQ issued a work order to exterminate bees that were encountered during the April mowing event.
  • August 2004, TCEQ's contractor performed a ground water sampling event.
  • January 2005, a work order was issued to install one additional monitoring well and sample all groundwater monitoring wells at the site. The well installation and sampling were delayed due to site inaccessibility caused by wet weather.
  • March 2005, groundwater at the site was sampled.
  • April 2005, the contractor began installation of a deep monitoring well. The work will continue into May 2005.
  • May 2005, the deep well was completed and a groundwater sampling event was performed.
  • July 2005, the validated data from the groundwater sampling event was received.
  • August 2005, a work order was issued for the consultant to present status of site to TCEQ.
  • September 2005, chose new consultant.
  • December 2005, a work order was issued for mowing of grass at the site and groundwater monitoring. The site mowing and the first round of groundwater monitoring occurred. A work order was issued for the new consultant to review the project documents. A work order was issued to re-survey the monitor wells onsite.
  • January 2006, began communications with consultant on study of data gaps.
  • February 2006, a work order was issued for a chain of title report on the site property.
  • March 2006, the consultant presented the results of the study of data gaps to TCEQ.
  • April 2006, the chain of title report was received. Also, a pre-feasibility study cost proposal was received.
  • May 2006, TCEQ made a counter-offer on the pre-feasibility study proposal. The data gap review report was reviewed and comments issued. The semi-annual groundwater monitoring report was reviewed and approved.
  • June 2006, TCEQ requested a review of the qualifications of the professional engineer recommended by the consultant to manage the feasibility study, remedial design and the remedial action phases of the project.
  • October 2006, the final pre-feasibility study memorandum was received by TCEQ.
  • November, 2006, TCEQ approved the consultant's choice of project engineer to manage the feasibility study, remedial design and the remedial action phases of the project.
  • December 15, 2006 the drafts of the treatability study work plan and the sampling analysis plan, as well as as the proposal for field event costs, were received, reviewed and commented on.
  • March 2007, brush clearing and installation of a temporary road was delayed due to site flooding.
  • April 2007, partial site clearing and temporary road construction were completed for the site.
  • August 2007, the draft groundwater monitoring report was received and reviewed. The draft treatability study was received.
  • October 22, 2007, the draft survey was reviewed and commented upon; the final treatability study was approved.
  • November 2007, the groundwater was sampled.
  • February 18-23, 2008, the on-site and off-site groundwater was sampled, including monitoring wells and a residential well.
  • April 2008, TWC 26.408 "Notice of Groundwater Contamination" letters mailed.
  • May 15, 2008, The TCEQ accepted the Remedial Investigation Technical Memo submitted by TCEQ's contractor.
  • June 10-13, 2008, the on-site and off-site groundwater was sampled in monitoring wells and a residential well.
  • August 5, 2008, The TCEQ accepted the groundwater monitoring report, submitted by TCEQ's contractor.
  • September 2008, The site was inspected after Hurricane Ike. No immediate damage was identified.
  • June 4, 2009, a postcard was mailed to property owners and residents, notifying them of the upcoming waste removal.
  • June 2009, excavated buried former waste pits and removed soil, liquid contaminants and buried drums contained in the waste pits.  Transported and disposed of approximately 9,187 tons of the excavated waste to an approved landfill.
  • July 2009, backfilling with clean soil was completed to fill in the excavations from June 2009.
  • August 18-25, 2009,  Monitor wells were installed in and around the site.
  • January 11-21, 2010,  Monitor wells were installed in and around the site.
  • January 21-27, 2010,  Groundwater sampling was performed at the site.
  • July 2010, the TCEQ conducted site visit and conducted sampling event of on site and off site groundwater monitor wells. 
  • April 28, 2011, the TCEQ mailed an on-site work notification to property owners and area residents.
  • January 2012, the TCEQ sampled all onsite and offsite monitor wells.
  • June 2012, the TCEQ sampled all onsite and offsite monitor wells.
  • January 2013, a TCEQ contractor conducted quaterly groundwater monitoring.
  • March 19, 2013, the first semi-annual groundwater monitor sampling event for FY13 was completed by a TCEQ contractor.

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Site Specific Information

EPA ID : TXD980750723
Location : Dickinson, Galveston County
Site Status : Evaluation Under Way
Type of Facility : Waste Disposal and Landfill. Open Field Dumping
Category : Listed on Registry
Media Affected : Groundwater, Soil
Latitude : 29º28'59"N
Longitude : -95º02'15"W
Hazard Ranking Score (HRS) : 11.05
Contaminants at time of HRS : Chlorobenzene, Styrene Tars, Arsenic, Dibenzo (a, h) Anthracene
TCEQ Region : Houston - 12
Funded by : Hazardous & Solid Waste Remediation Fee Account

Contact Information

Superfund Project Manager
Andy Bajwa

Superfund Community Relations Liaison
Crystal Taylor
512-239-3844 or 1-800-633-9363

Records Repositories

Helen Hall Library
100 West Walker Street
League City  TX  77573
Note: Repository records that were formerly at the College of the Mainland Library, and the Mares Memorial Library have been consolidated at the Helen Hall Library.

TCEQ Central File Room
12100 Park 35 Circle Building E,
First Floor Room 103
Austin, TX 78753
512-239-1850 (fax)

Required use of SW-846 Method 5035

New Information

Beginning January 1, 2016, the TCEQ Remediation Division will require the use of United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) SW846 Method 5035A, Purge-and-Trap and Extraction for Volatile Organics in Soil and Waste Samples, as amended, for the collection and preparation of solid samples for volatile organic compound (VOC) analysis using purge-and-trap technology.

The TCEQ Remediation Division guidance on Method 5035 has been updated and is available.