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International Creosoting

This former wood treatment facility in Beaumont, Jefferson County is being addressed under the State Superfund Program.

Site Background

The International Creosoting site (the site) is located at 1110 Pine Street in Beaumont. The 14.7-acre land-based operable unit is bordered by Brakes Bayou to the east, Pine Street to the west, Interstate 10 to the north, and the Trinity Industries (formerly Bethlehem Steel) shipyard to the south. The site was used for wood treating from 1898 through 1973. In 1973, the wood treatment operation was dismantled by a new owner and replaced with an asphaltic ready-mix concrete production facility. The site continued to be used for this purpose until 1987.

Superfund Actions Taken to Date

  • November 15, 1988, a legal notice was published in the Texas Register (13 TexReg 5791-5792) describing the site, proposing the site to the state Superfund registry, and announcing that a public meeting to receive citizen comments would be held at the Beaumont Civic Center on December 15, 1988.
  • April 18, 1989, a legal notice was published in the Texas Register (14 TexReg 1882-1883) listing the site on the state Superfund registry.
  • September 17, 1990, the TNRCC entered into an agreed order with one of the potentially responsible parties to conduct a remedial investigation/feasibility study.
  • March 1991, a site perimeter fence was constructed to limit unauthorized access and signs were posted warning of contamination.
  • January 6, 1992, remedial investigation/feasibility study under way.
  • September 1, 1993, effective date of the creation of the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission from the joining of the Texas Water Commission and the Texas Air Control Board and a portion of the Texas Department of Health.
  • January 25, 1996, TNRCC offered the participating PRP the option of separating the site into two operable units (a land-based operable unit and a Brakes Bayou operable unit) so that differing, focused cleanup remedies could proceed more rapidly.
  • April 18, 1996, the participating potentially responsible party agreed to address the site as two operable units.
  • January 19, 1998, creosote removal activities underway for the bayou-based operable unit.
  • August 14, 1998, the final report was approved, marking completion of the remedial
    investigation/feasibility study phase for the land-based portion of the site.
  • October 30, 1998, a legal notice was published in the Texas Register (23 TexReg 11246-11247) and the Beaumont Enterprise announcing a public meeting would be held December 1, 1998, at the Beaumont Independent School District Administration Building to present to the community the best choice among cleanup remedies and to receive citizen comments to be considered in the final recommended remedy.
  • December 1, 1998, a public meeting was held at the Beaumont Independent School
    District Administration Building to receive comments on the proposed cleanup alternative, which was containment (soil cap and a 50-foot-deep slurry wall barrier around the perimeter) and recovery of groundwater and free product for the land-based portion of the site. A copy of the Proposed Remedial Action Document (PRAD) summary was prepared for the International Creosoting site. [The PDF file does not include illustrations or copies of documents cited as references. The complete proposed remedial action document is available as part of official repository records at the Beaumont Public Library and at the TCEQ Records Management Center.] A cleanup alternative for the adjacent bayou-based portion of the site is awaiting completion of that feasibility study.
  • April 16, 1999, negotiations underway for a remedial design/remedial action administrative order.
  • July 16, 1999, an agreed administrative order was issued, with the responsible party agreeing to fund the remedial action/remedial design for the land-based portion of the site.
  • July 26, 1999, effective date of the remedial design/remedial action administrative order for the land-based portion of the site.
  • August 24, 1999, the participating PRP submitted the remedial design concept memorandum for TNRCC review.
  • October 4, 1999, the TNRCC project manager suggested adjustments to the design concept.
  • November 29, 1999, the participating PRP submitted remedial design work plans to the TNRCC for review and comment.
  • January 5, 2000, TNRCC approved the baseline risk assessment for the bayou-based operable unit.
  • January 24, 2000, the TNRCC project manager suggested adjustments to the remedial design work plan for the land-based portion of the site.
  • February 4, 2000, the PRP submitted the feasibility study work plan for the bayou-based operable unit.
  • April 24, 2000, the participating PRP submitted revised remedial design work plans and the remedial action plans and specifications on the land-based portion for TNRCC review and comment.
  • May 10, 2000, TNRCC approved the feasibility study work plan for the bayou-based portion of the site.
  • May 17, 2000, the TNRCC project manager suggested adjustments to the PRP final remedial design plans and specifications for the land-based operable unit.
  • July 13, 2000, TNRCC approved the final remedial design (RD) for the land-based operable unit.
  • October 2, 2000, the PRP gave the contractor notice to start the remedial action construction on the land-based operable unit.
  • October 5, 2000, the PRP's contractor started mobilization on the land-based operable unit.
  • November 13, 2000, the contractor started construction of the bulkhead along Brakes Bayou.
  • December 1, 2000, the contractor started construction of the groundwater treatment plant.
  • January 20, 2001, the contractor started construction of the slurry wall.
  • January 25, 2001, TNRCC submitted comments on the Phase II Bayou Sediment Containment Pilot Study work plan and the draft Feasibility Study Report for the Bayou-based Operable Unit.
  • April 7, 2001, the contractor completed the placement of rip-rap and topsoil behind the bulkheads.
  • April 13, 2001, the contractor completed capping of the slurry wall and the installation of recovery and monitoring wells.
  • June 2001, on-site monitoring wells were developed, the operations building features were constructed, groundwater recovery pipelines were installed, and several storage tanks were brought on-site to store the groundwater that was filling the trenches that capture the contaminated groundwater.
  • October 2001, the land-based operable unit's groundwater extraction and creosote recovery systems were phased in. The potentially responsible party started the design of the sheet piling to complete the physical barrier surrounding the site to trap the groundwater. Water began to be processed through the groundwater treatment plant.
  • November 2001, the demonstration testing was completed on the groundwater treatment plant. The groundwater treatment remedy was begun.
  • February 8, 2002, TNRCC approved the land-based operable units' postclosure activity plan.
  • September 1, 2002, effective date of the name change from Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC) to Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ).
  • November 5, 2002, TCEQ received the work plan for the bayou-based operable unit dredging pilot study.
  • November 19, 2002, TCEQ reviewed the dredging pilot study work plan and sent comments to the contractor for the potentially responsible party.
  • April 1, 2003, TCEQ finished reviewing the dredging pilot study and approved the consultant's dredging pilot study work plan.
  • October 3, 2003, a legal notice was published in the Texas Register (28 TexReg 8694) inviting public comment on a proposal by Kerr-McGee Chemical, L.L.C., to conduct dredging and capping pilot studies to determine the viability of full-scale implementation as a possible remedy for containment and remediation of contaminated sediment in Brakes Bayou. While the work will take place at a state Superfund site, it falls under the Texas coastal management program goals and policies identified in 30 TAC § 501. The public comment period closed at 5:00 p.m. on October 24, 2003.
  • September 2004, the responsible party's contractor began converting three of the on-site recovery wells and one monitoring well to groundwater extraction use.
  • October 2004, the responsible party's contractor started augering holes in preparation for planting trees for the phytoremediation remedial action in the land-based operable unit at the site. The contractor also conducted sampling of the bayou-based operable unit for the design of the proposed remedies of dredging and soft cap installation.
  • November 2004, the conversion of three on-site recovery wells and a monitoring well to groundwater extraction wells was completed. The contractor also finished installing trees for the phytoremediation remedial action in the land-based operable unit.
  • December 2004, work was started on the capping of the bermed area of the land-based operable unit.
  • January 2005, work was completed on the capping of the bermed area of the land-based operable unit.
  • January 2006, the ecological services analysis/field study for the bayou -based operable unit was submitted to TCEQ and forwarded to the natural resource trustees for review. As a result of TCEQ and NRDA trustees significant comments on the ecological services analysis/feasibility study for the bayou-based operable unit will be resubmitted in June 2006.
  • June 2006, TCEQ met with the contractor to receive and discuss the revised environmental risk assessment and feasibility study for the bayou-based operable unit. TCEQ and the trustee are to review and comment on the revisions.
  • December 7, 2006, the TCEQ project manager spent two days at the site, collecting data from adjacent property owners across the bayou from the International Creosoting work, focusing on implications of demolishing and reconstructing the private bridge that crosses the bayou through a bayou-based operable unit of the Superfund site. Construction of the bridge supports may disturb the contaminated sediments in the bayou, and cause them to spread. The IH-10 bridge that also crosses the bayou is slated for expansion, raising similar concerns of impacting planning that is included in the feasibility study currently underway.
  • March 13, 2007, additional project specialists conferred at TECQ headquarters in Austin to review issues relating to the pending bridge construction and needed institutional controls for the bayou.
  • February 2008, recovery and treatment continued for creosote and contaminated groundwater, and a proposal for phytoremediation on the land-based operating unit. TCEQ is completing review of the revised feasibility study for the bayou-based operating unit, including a notice of pending replacement by Texas Department of Transportation of two bridges spanning the bayou-based operating unit.
  • July 2008, Sent out comment letter to RP regarding a proposal for Phytoremediation for the Land Based Operable Unit (LBOU).
  • January 2009, Continuation of groundwater extraction and treatment by PRP contractor. Approximately 38,000 gallons were treated and disposed of at a TCEQ authorized facility.
  • March 2009, Continuation of groundwater extraction and treatment by PRP contractor. Approximately 45,225 gallons were treated and disposed of at a TCEQ authorized facility.
  • December 2009, RP filed for Bankruptcy and is proceeding through bankruptcy court. Operation and maintenance of the onsite pump and treat system is ongoing.
  • April 2010, RP maintaining Operation and Maintenance of the pump and treat system.

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Site Specific Information

EPA ID : TXD980625636
Location : Beaumont, Jefferson County
Site Status : Cleanup Under Way
Type of Facility : Wood Treatment Facility
Category : Listed on Registry
Media Affected : Groundwater, Sediments, Soil, Surface Water
Latitude : 30º05'30"N
Longitude : -94º06'00"W
Hazard Ranking Score (HRS) : 17.38
Contaminants at time of HRS : Arsenic, Chromium, Lead, Creosote Constituents, Semi-Volatiles and Volatile Organic Compounds
TCEQ Region : Beaumont - 10
Funded by : Potentially Responsible Party

Contact Information

Superfund Project Manager
Phillip Winsor
512-239-1054 or 1-800-633-9363
E-mail: superfnd@tceq.texas.gov

Superfund Community Relations Liaison
John Flores
512-239-5674 or 1-800-633-9363
E-mail: superfnd@tceq.texas.gov

Records Repositories

Beaumont Public Library
801 Pearl Street
Beaumont,  TX 77701
409/838-6606

TCEQ Central File Room
12100 Park 35 Circle Building E,
First Floor Room 103
Austin, TX 78753
512-239-2900
512-239-1850 (fax)
cfrreq@tceq.texas.gov