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J.C. Pennco Waste Oil Service

No further Superfund environmental response actions are required on this former waste oil/used drum recycling facility in San Antonio, Bexar County.

Site Background

The J.C. Pennco Waste Oil Service site (the site) is located on a 5-acre lot at 4927 Higdon Road just southeast of the San Antonio city limits. The site was operated from May 1984 until April 1992. During its eight years of operation, the site received an unknown quantity of used barrels and various chemicals, including used oil, antifreeze, and solvents. Most of the oil and other chemicals were sold to recyclers, and the drums were sold for use as animal feeders, trash barrels, and barbeque pits. Pollution at the site resulted from spills and discharges from the oil storage tanks and from the barrel-cleaning activities. In 1991, TNRCC investigators discovered that the same types of solvents spilled on the ground at the J.C. Pennco Waste Oil Service site were present in one of the nearby residential water wells. In May 1992, the owner filed bankruptcy, and the site was abandoned. In 1994, the TNRCC fenced the site and began providing bottled water to residents whose wells had been contaminated. During 1995 and 1996, in cooperation with the TNRCC and the San Antonio Water System, the EPA extended city water lines into the area. Additionally,the EPA removed approximately 4,000 drums, 120 cubic yards of soil and debris, 31,500 gallons of liquid wastes, and 23 tanks from the site to eliminate potential sources of surface and groundwater contamination. In November 1996, the EPA referred the J.C. Pennco Waste Oil Service site back to the state for further remedial action./

Superfund Actions Taken to Date

  • May 26, 1994, a site perimeter fence was constructed to limit unauthorized access and signs were posted warning of contamination.
  • July 1994, an hazard ranking system (HRS) document was prepared for the J.C. Pennco Waste Oil Service site.
  • August 26, 1997, a legal notice was published in the Texas Register (22 TexReg 8570-8571) describing the site and proposing the site for listing on the state Superfund registry. A public meeting to receive citizen comments was to be held at the Salado Intermediate School in San Antonio on October 9, 1997.
  • June 2, 1998, TNRCC issued a work order to determine the nature and extent of contamination (Phase I remedial investigation).
  • August 3, 1998, TNRCC issued an administrative order with an immediate effective
    date. The order established rules, responsibilities, and enforcement options for action under the state Superfund process.
  • November 15, 1999, a community relations plan was prepared for the J.C. Pennco Waste Oil Service site.
  • February 2, 2000, the Phase I remedial investigation work plan was approved by TNRCC.
  • February 28, 2000, the Phase I remedial investigation was underway. The investigation will include the collection of samples of surface and subsurface soil and groundwater samples.
  • August 3, 2000, remedial investigation, phase I field work completed.
  • January 31, 2001, TNRCC approved the remedial investigation Phase I report.
  • May 2001, TNRCC ordered the contractor to collect additional samples of water from the shallow-aquifer monitoring wells.
  • March 12, 2002, TNRCC issued a work order to the contractor to initiate a Phase 2 investigation, which included installation of an off-site monitoring well.
  • May 31, 2002, the TNRCC contractor completed well replacement activities and the installation of an offsite monitoring well on the adjacent property.
  • October 1, 2002, the TCEQ project manager reviewed and approved the phase 2 technical memorandum, and Weston Solutions, Inc. was asked to prepare a scope of work outline to complete a presumptive remedy document for the site.
  • September 1, 2002, effective date of the name change from Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission (TNRCC) to Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ).
  • December 16, 2002, TCEQ issued a work order to its consultant to classify and qualify the usability of the water in the shallow groundwater zone at the site as a usable drinking water source or for other uses, such as for agriculture.
  • January 18, 2003, TCEQ approved the groundwater classification report from the consultant.
  • July 28, 2003, TCEQ installed two additional wells for groundwater monitoring.
  • August 14, 2003, TCEQ's contractor resampled all monitoring wells on the site.
  • September 22, 2003, TCEQ approved the data usability study prepared by the contractor, and issued a work order for quarterly groundwater monitoring.
  • December 2003, quarterly groundwater monitoring was conducted at the site. TCEQ approved the pre–feasibility study memorandum and issued a work order to the contractor to begin the ground water feasibility study, and prepare the presumptive remedy document.
  • January 2004, TCEQ reviewed and approved the data usability study from the October 2003 quarterly groundwater monitoring report.
  • February 2004, TCEQ reviewed and approved the data usability study from the December 2003 quarterly groundwater monitoring report. Letters requesting participation in the remedial action were mailed out to the potentially responsible parties.
  • February 6, 2004, a proposed remedial action document (PRAD) was prepared for the J.C. Pennco Waste Oil Service site.
  • February 2004, an updated community relations plan was prepared for the site.
  • February 27, 2004, a legal notice Exit TCEQ Site was published in the Texas Register (29 TexReg 2094-2095) and the San Antonio Express-News announcing a public meeting would be held March 30, 2004, at the Salado Intermediate School Cafetorium, to present to the public the proposed selection of remedy and to receive citizen comments on the proposal.
  • March 4, 2004, the October and December 2003 groundwater monitoring reports were approved.
  • March 19, 2004, a work order was issued to install an additional monitor well, and to perform a surveyof the zone of contamination, both on-site and off-site, and to dispose of the drums of investigation-derived waste.
  • March 30, 2004, a public meeting was held at the Salado Intermediate School to receive community comments on the proposal to monitor natural attenuation as the remedy for the site contamination.
  • April 2004, the TCEQ contractor completed the disposal of the drums of investigation-derived waste.
  • June 4, 2004, the March 2004 groundwater monitoring report and the data usability study were approved by TCEQ.
  • July 2004, the contractor performed the groundwater operations and maintenance monitoring, and inspection at the site.
  • August 23, 2004, project manager determined that the remedy implementation is complete.
  • August 28, 2004, effective date of a final administrative order changing the site category from proposed to listed on the state Superfund registry. As of the order date, the remediation was complete and the final remedy for the groundwater was natural attenuation with postclosure monitoring. The decision marked the end of the cleanup phase and initiated the operation and maintenance phase at the site.
  • November 2004, a work order was issued to the TCEQ contractor to perform operation and maintenance activities at the site.
  • December 2004, review and approval was completed on the July 2004 operation and maintenance groundwater sampling report.
  • December 2004, the contractor performed quarterly groundwater monitoring at the site.
  • January 2005, the December 2004 quarterly groundwater monitoring report was reviewed and approved.
  • February 23, 2005, a legal notice of citation by publication was published in the Williamson County Sun identifying 21 of 52 parties responsible for waste at the J.C. Pennco Waste Oil Service Superfund site.
  • February 24, 2005, a legal notice of citation by publication was published in the Eagle Pass News Guide identifying 21 of 52 parties responsible for waste at the J.C. Pennco Waste Oil Service Superfund site.
  • February 25, 2005, a legal notice Exit TCEQ Site of citation by publication were published in the Texas Register, (30 TexReg 1181-1182) and the San Antonio Express-News, New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung, and Seguin Gazette Enterprise identifying 21 of 52 parties responsible for waste at the J.C. Pennco Waste Oil Service Superfund site.
  • March 2005, groundwater monitoring was conducted for the seven site monitor wells as part of the operation and maintenance.
  • April 8, 2005, TCEQ approved the February 2005 operations and maintenance report
  • June 2005, the May 2005 quarterly groundwater monitoring report for operations and maintenance was approved.
  • August 2005, groundwater monitoring was conducted for the seven site monitor wells as part of the operation and maintenance.
  • October 2005, groundwater monitoring was conducted for the seven site monitor wells as part of the operation and maintenance.
  • February 2006, groundwater monitoring was conducted for the seven site monitor wells as part of the operation and maintenance.
  • May 2006, groundwater monitoring was conducted for the seven site monitor wells as part of the operation and maintenance.
  • July 2006, quarterly groundwater sampling was conducted for the seven site monitor wells.
  • August 31, 2006, based on results of groundwater sampling analysis, approval was granted to change the frequency of groundwater testing from once every three months to once every six months.
  • January 2007, groundwater sampling was conducted for the seven site monitor wells as part of the operation and maintenance.
  • July 2007, groundwater sampling was conducted for the seven site monitor wells as part of the operation and maintenance.
  • August 2008, groundwater sampling was conducted for the seven site monitor wells as part of the Operation and Maintenance (O&M).
  • April 2011, Operations and Maintenance groundwater sampling was conducted.
  • June 2011, Operations and Maintenance groundwater monitoring conducted at the site.
  • August 2011, Operations and Maintenance groundwater monitoring conducted at the site.
  • November 2011, Operations and Maintenance groundwater monitoring was performed at the site.
  • February 2012, Operations and Maintenance groundwater monitoring was performed at the site.
  • May 2012, Operations and Maintenance groundwater monitoring was performed at the site.
  • August 2012, Operations and Maintenance groundwater monitoring was performed at the site.
  • July 19, 2013, a legal notice was published in the  San Antonio Express News, proposing to delete the site from the state Superfund registry in accordance with 30 TAC §335.344(c) and inviting public comment.  The public meeting was scheduled August 22, 2013, at the Texas A&M Engineering Extension Service Campus, Building A, 9350 South Presa, San Antonio, Texas.
  • September 20, 2013, a legal notice (page 24) was published in the Texas Register (38 TexReg 6304) officially deleting the site from the state Superfund registry in accordance with 30 TAC §335.344(c) and 30 TAC §361.189(a). In accordance with Texas Health and Safety Code §361.188(d), a notice will be filed in the real property records of Bexar County stating that the site has been deleted from the Superfund registry.

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Site Specific Information

EPA ID : TXD982164162
Location : San Antonio, Bexar County
Site Status :CLEANUP COMPLETE - NO FURTHER SUPERFUND ENVIRONMENTAL RESPONSE ACTIONS ARE REQUIRED
Type of Facility : Waste Oil/Used Drum Recycling
Category : Deleted from Registry
Media Affected : Groundwater, Soil
Latitude : 29º19'15"N
Longitude : -98º23'30"W
Hazard Ranking Score (HRS) : 42.68
Contaminants at time of HRS : Chlorinated and Non-Chlorinated Solvents, Metals, PAHs, TPH, Benzene, Ethyl Benzene, Toluene, Xylene, Tetrachloride
TCEQ Region : San Antonio - 13
Funded by : Hazardous & Solid Waste Remediation Fee Account

Contact Information

Superfund Project Manager
Anna Lund
210-403-4020 or 1-800-633-9363
E-mailsuperfnd@tceq.texas.gov

Superfund Community Relations Liaison
John Flores
512-239-5674 or 1-800-633-9363
E-mail: superfnd@tceq.texas.gov

Records Repositories

San Antonio Public Library
600 Soledad
San Antonio  TX 78205
210/207-2500

TCEQ Central File Room
12100 Park 35 Circle Building E,
First Floor Room 103
Austin, TX 78753
512-239-2900
512-239-1850 (fax)
cfrreq@tceq.texas.gov