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This former coin-operated dry cleaning business in Llano County is currently in the remedial investigation phase of the state Superfund program due to hazardous substances in groundwater.

Site Summary

The Kingsland state Superfund site is located at 2101 FM 1431, in Kingsland, Llano County. From 1968 through 1988, there was a laundromat at this location, which contained a coin-operated dry cleaning machine until 1979. Releases of tetrachloroethylene, also known as perchloroethylene (PCE), from the dry cleaning activities, contaminated the soil and groundwater at the site.  

In 1989, during the Texas Department of Health’s routine sampling, volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were detected in community public water supply wells. Consequently, the public water supply changed its water source from groundwater to surface water. In 1998, VOCs were also detected in private wells. Subsequently, the impacted residences were connected to the community public water supply system.

Superfund Registry and Investigation

The TCEQ proposed the site to the state Superfund registry in July 1998. As part of the ongoing remedial investigation the TCEQ has installed several monitoring wells, collected extensive soil and groundwater samples, and conducted geophysical surveys to delineate the nature and extent of the contamination. The TCEQ continues to identify and coordinate public water supply connections for affected residences.  


The site is in the remedial investigation phase and TCEQ is conducting a feasibility study to develop and analyze potential cleanup alternatives.

Site Specific Information

Type of Facility: Coin-operated dry cleaning
Location: Kingsland, Llano County
Latitude: 30.662345°
Longitude: -98.447930°
Site Phase: Remedial Investigation/ Feasibility Study
State Superfund Registry Status: Proposed to registry
Media Affected: Groundwater, soil
TCEQ Region: Austin - 11
Funded by: Hazardous & Solid Waste Remediation Fee Account

Contact Information
Superfund Project Manager
Scott Settemeyer
512-239-3429 or 1-800-633-9363

Superfund Community Relations Liaison
John Flores
512-239-5674 or 1-800-633-9363

Records Repositories
Kingsland Branch Library
125 West Polk
Kingsland TX 78639

TCEQ Central File Room
12100 Park 35 Circle Building E,
First Floor Room 103
Austin, TX 78753
512-239-1850 (fax)