Drinking Water Lead and Copper Program
The EPA has recently published a memo to provide recommendations on how public water systems should address the removal of cleaning aerators, pre-stagnation flushing, and bottle configuration for the purpose of the Lead and Copper rule
- Lead and Copper Rule Guidance
- Lead in Drinking Water at Schools and Child Care Facilities
- Testing Schools and Child Care centers for Lead in drinking Water
- Drinking Water Best Management Practices (for schools and child care facilities)
Use this searchable database of analytical results, schedules and violations to learn more about the quality of your drinking water and your public water system's compliance with state and federal regulations.
All community and non-transient non-community water systems are subject to LCR monitoring requirements. A list of PWS's scheduled to sample during the 6M1, 6M2, and reduced 2016 monitoring periods including the number of tap sample sites.
- 2017 6M1 List - Sample during January 1 through June 30, 2017
- 2016 6M2 List - Sample during July 1 through December 31, 2016
- 2017 REDUCED List - Sample during June 1 through September 30, 2017
Sampling Instructions and Guidance
The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) is including Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sampling guidance along with PWS instructions and homeowner instructions. The PWS recommendations and guidance are to assist you in your sampling events and include the removal and cleaning of aerators, pre-stagnation flushing, and bottle configuration.
- Supplemental Lead and Copper Sampling
- Exit to the EPA Approved Analytical Methods page
- Lead and Copper Rule Guidance
- EPA LCR sampling memorandum dated February, 29, 2016
- Exit to the EPA Lead Copper page
- 6M1 2017 PWS Instructions
- 6M2 2017 PWS Instructions
- REDUCED 2017 PWS Instruction
- Guidance on Classification Tiers
- PWS homeowner instructions - English
- PWS homeowner instructions - Spanish
The information provided is to assist PWSs in finding a laboratory to perform the lead and copper analysis under the TCEQ National Laboratory Accreditation Program (NELAP). It is also for NELAP accredited laboratories assisting PWSs with lead and copper analysis.
- Laboratories must deliver and accept only one liter unpreserved wide mouth laboratory-grade bottles. (30 TAC §290.117(h)(1))
- First-draw tap samples should be received at the laboratory within 14 days after collection date so laboratories can preserve the samples. (30 TAC §290.117(h)(2)(E))
- Laboratories cannot accept bottles for analysis without TCEQ Form 20683 - LCR Chain of Custody completely filled out and signed by the PWS representative. This form has the necessary information on it to determine first-draw samples and sampling sites or addresses.
How Many Samples Are Required and When
(number of people served)
Number of sites for
Number of sites for Reduced monitoring:
1YR, 3YR, or 9YR
|More than 100,000||100||50|
|10,001 to 100,000||60||30|
|3,301 to 10,000||40||20|
|501 to 3,300||20||10|
|101 to 500||10||5|
|100 or fewer||5||5|
Initial Sampling: Systems must complete two (2) rounds of consecutive six month sampling. The monitoring periods for collection are:
6M1: Jan 1 - June 30, analytical results are due to TCEQ no later than July 10
6M2: July 1 - Dec 31, analytical results are due to TCEQ no later than Jan 10
Reduced Sampling: Systems that have completed their two rounds of initial sampling can be reduced to 1 year or 3 year sampling based on their 90th percentile lead and copper sampling during their initial sampling period. Reduced monitoring has a second requirement of a seasonal sampling period:
Reduced: Jun 1 - Sept 30, analytical results are due to TCEQ no later than Oct 10
Tap Water Lead and Copper Forms
PWSs are requires to use these forms to help them with Lead and Copper Rule sampling. All sampling site addresses should be reviewed prior to sampling and updated if needed.
- Form 20467 : Sample Site Selection and Materials for sampling pool
- Form 20697 : Changing addresses from previously approved sampling pool
- Form 20683 : LCR Chain of Custody, accompanies sample bottles to the laboratory for analyzing.
- Form 20680a : Lead Consumer Notice, CWS PWS to report and certify customer lead results after the PWS receives the analytical results back from the laboratory.
- Form 20680b : Lead Consumer Notice, NTNC PWS to report and certify customer lead results after the PWS receives the analytical results back from the laboratory.
LCR Action Level Exceedance
Action levels for lead/copper are based on a 90th percentile calculation. The action level for lead is 0.015 mg/L and 1.3 mg/L for copper. If a PWS exceeds either of the action levels, the PWS is required to sample entry point and within their distribution system for water quality parameters, entry point lead and copper sampling, and tap water lead/copper sampling as part of a corrosion control study. Lead action level exceedances also requires Lead Public Education (LPE) to be delivered and posted.
- Form 20495: Corrosion Control Study
- Form 20681a : Lead Public Education document for CWS PWSs
- Form 20681b: Lead Public Education document for NTNC PWS - Businesses
- Form 20681c: Lead Public Education document for NTNC PWS - Schools
- For Community PWSs: For Community PWSs
- EPA Lead Public Education Guidance for NTNC PWSs
- EPA Lead Public Education Posters
- Form 20755 : Source Water Treatment Recommendation
Water Quality Parameter Sampling
Water Quality Parameters under the LCR are used to determine the corrosivity of the water flowing through the distribution system. All PWSs with a population over 50,000, new PWSs of all populations and any PWS who have exceeded the action levels are required to sample for water quality parameters (WQP). WQPs consist of pH, alkalinity, temperature, conductivity, calcium, and an inhibitor such as orthophosphate, if added.
TCEQ approved laboratories are not necessarily the same as the TCEQ NELAP accreditied laboratories and have different approval requirements. Contact the TCEQ Laboratory Approval Coordinator for information.
- Form 20679 : Reporting WQP analytical and field results.
- TCEQ Approved Laboraties
- 2017 WQP Sample Guidance
- TCEQ NELAP Accreditation Program : Laboratories accredited by the State of Texas under NELAP.
- For information on acceptable sampling methods under the Lead and Copper Rule, please see Accepted Sampling Methods
- Electronic Sampling Requirements: Contact the TCEQ Lead Copper Program Coordinator for electronic sampling requirements.
- Laboratory Guidance for the Analysis and Reporting of Lead and Copper Tap Water Samples
- Laboratory Guidance for the Analysis and Reporting of Water Quality Parameters under the Lead and Copper Rule
Additional Lead and Copper Rule Information
Additional information is available on the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) website including health effects, guidance for public water systems, and regulations.
- Form 20507 : Nine-year Reduced Monitoring Request/Renewal.
Lead and Copper Regulations
Texas Commission on Environmental Quality, Lead and Copper Program
PO Box 13087, MC - 155
Austin, TX 78711-3087
Phone: 512-239-4691 Fax: 512-239-6050
CWS - community water system
EPA - Environmental Protection Agency
LPE - lead public education
NELAP - National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Program
NTNC non-transient non-community water system
PWS - public water system
TCEQ - Texas commission on Environmental Quality
WQP - water quality parameters