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Keeping Fats, Oils, and Grease out of the Sewer System

Explains the impact of disposing of fats, oil, and grease in the sewer system.

Fats, oils, and grease (FOG) comes from meat fats in food scraps, cooking oil, shortening, lard, butter and margarine, gravy, and food products such as mayonnaise, salad dressings, and sour cream.

FOG poured down kitchen drains accumulates inside sewer pipes. As the FOG builds up, it restricts the flow in the pipe and can cause untreated wastewater to back up into homes and businesses, resulting in high costs for cleanup and restoration.

Manholes can overflow into parks, yards, streets, and storm drains, allowing FOG to contaminate local waters, including drinking water. Exposure to untreated wastewater is a public-health hazard.

FOG discharged into septic systems and drain fields can cause malfunctions, resulting in more frequent tank pump-outs and other expenses.

Restaurants, cafeterias, and fast-food establishments spend tens of thousands of dollars on plumbing emergencies each year to deal with grease blockages and pump out grease traps and interceptors. Some cities also charge businesses for the repair of sewer pipes and spill cleanup if they can attribute the blockage to a particular business. Some cities also add a surcharge to wastewater bills if a business exceeds a specified discharge limit. These expenses can be significant.

Communities spend billions of dollars every year unplugging or replacing grease-blocked pipes, repairing pump stations, and cleaning up costly and illegal wastewater spills. Excessive FOG in the sewer system can affect local wastewater rates.

So, keeping FOG out of the sewer system helps everyone in the community.

How to Reduce FOG

Just a few simple actions can prevent FOG buildup in the sewer system.

  • In Your Home or Apartment — quick and easy ways to prevent FOG from going down your drain
  • In Your Commercial Kitchen — how to implement a program to reduce FOG in commercial kitchens in food service establishments, churches, nursing homes, schools, hospitals, and other businesses
  • In Your Community — resources for local governments, public wastewater systems, and pretreatment programs to promote FOG reduction

Resources to Reduce FOG

TCEQ's Take Care of Texas program has developed a flyer you can order to spread awareness about keeping plumbing free of fats, oils, and grease. Go to the Take Care of Texas Resources page to order free copies of this two-sided English/Spanish flyer.

You can also view an informative animation to help you Take Care of Texas water. The video is also available in Spanish .

Where to find more help

TCEQ's Small Business and Local Government Assistance Section offers free, confidential help to small businesses and local governments working to follow state environmental regulations. Call us at (800) 447-2827 or visit our webpage at

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